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Posts Tagged ‘navigation’


Setting off on a hunt in farming country is quite different from hunting in the woods, especially in an area where you have never been before. While I am hunting I do not want to spend most of my time trying to figure out where I am.

Imagine your phone suddenly rings and a friend asks you to meet them for drinks or maybe you are telling them a story and you wish to share with them the information about where it took place.

This type of communication exchange takes place almost every second around the world, and there is always one thing in common; we share directions. This is accomplished with the use of points of reference, such as street names or that of a restaurant, maybe even a nickname for your favorite hangouts. Physical descriptions such as features are also used as an example -where there is a very large tree found at the entrance of the pub.

Your ultimate goal is to choose an exact geographic point, in which everyone is familiar with, thus making it easier to meet or imagine during a story telling. Several nights ago I had a chat with my neighbor and he talked about his grandfather and where they grew up; one of the things he remembers the most was the fact that during their walks on their land his grandfather had a constant awareness of his whereabouts.

At times choosing a meeting spot in an urban setting or even describing directions could be challenging, now imagine having to do so outside the city. How does someone know where they are, especially in the woods?

Having such a level of comfort and constant awareness of your whereabouts makes it easier to enjoy your hunt as the territory transforms itself into something familiar. Last winter I was alone in the woods hunting the elusive snowshoe hare on my friend’s property and I had noticed a lot of coyote tracks in the area.

There were two tracks in particular which caught my attention and they were both heading west near a lake that I named “Goose Lake”, I had noticed fur clumps and a cow skull several yards away under the largest pine tree in this part of the woods.

At the end of my hunt, I met up with the farmer and described what I had seen before heading home. He knew exactly which spot I was referring to. It was quite amazing to be able to talk about a single point in the woods as if we were talking about a very specific coffee-house found on a well-known street corner and we both knew exactly where it was.

When I set out on a hunt, I always let my family know where I am going along with instructions to call the authorities and provide them with the spot on the map of where I will be, if ever I fail to return at a specific time or to contact them. This is one precaution that can be taken, so that you are found if you ever get lost. But what I ask myself is: What can be done or learned for the actual hunt? If you are hunting with an outfitter, you can ask for a guided hunt. Myself, I like to have a map of the area where I will be hunting; I also use my GPS along with my Bushnell Backtrack tool. But I know that there is much more to it then this.

I am a strong believer that farmers and the older generation of hunters have a lot to teach us about recognizing very specific points of reference and land features also possibly following the position of the sun and using it as a guide or similar knowledge.

I have had the privilege to be able to hunt on the same property for several years now and here are some practices that I use to know my whereabouts:

1) While I am standing at my departure point, I will set my Bushnell Backtrack with a return point back to my vehicle. I also study my map of the area.
2) I set my Garmin GPS with waypoints and enter prominent names.
3) I use my compass and aim at a prominent object such as a very distinctive large tree or lake even a building and record my current and back bearings.
4) I look at the position of the sun and use it as a guide.
5) I find prominent features such as lakes, creeks, strange-looking trees, fields and cliffs and use them as reference points and provide them with names.
6) I also use trail maker tape (Quite often orange) or I use sticks and make markings on the ground or on the trail.
7) I also familiarize myself with the dominant winds in my region which tend to be North-easterly winds and then I use the cloud movement as a guide or the movement in the trees.

I shall continue my endless search of tips and tricks about knowing your whereabouts, so that myself and many others may enjoy our hunts without losing time trying to figure out where we are and do so with a positive sense of direction.

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You are standing still surrounded by the elements feeling cold and fatigued, ready to go home after eight hours in the wilderness. The sun is going down quickly and is now just resting above the tree tops of the dark evergreen and there is a heavy snowfall starting to come down. It is still light out but the visibility is now only thirty meters because of the snow and you must now make your way to the car safely.
The small map and compass are still in your pocket and you set a course to the west and begin walking quickly through the bush. A few minutes later you stop and check your direction travel and come to a startling realization that you are back at the same spot where you started. You have no signal on your phone and the nearest safety shack is twenty-five kilometers away and winter is only a few weeks old.
Luckily you knew the main road ran north to south and you had to head left or west to get to the road. You pull out the compass and set it to true north and then go west. You made it! We came out about fifty meters south of the car and I was truly annoyed that something like this would occur to someone who is comfortable and knowledgeable in the woods. Ego prevented us from taking out the compass sooner and for a while we were lost only forty meters from the dirt road. It happened so quickly, even to experienced people. Let us look into this story and try to understand and identify important knowledge skill sets that are a must in order for you to enjoy your hunt worry free and come home safely.
If you are a tracking hunter, the last thing you want to do is spend half of your time trying to find yourself on a map. I know that when I am in the bush and I find a small game trail to follow, I can easily walk several hours or more and I do not want to constantly worry about getting lost.
When we read my story and look at what happened, the first thing I identified is that combined with my ego, I under estimated the dangers and failed to call on my hardware when I truly needed it, in this case it was the compass. A great friend of mine used to be an elite army scout and he had always taught me to trust your equipment and if used properly you would always find your way.
I can guarantee you based on experience that the first mix of emotions and feelings you get when you are lost are panic and then annoyance, for me it was all annoyance. I asked my tracking buddy, “how in the hell does this happen to two experienced guys like us?” The key was to get these emotions in check, the sooner these are under control; the better off you will be, as mentioned by the author Bill Riviere under the “Gun and Hunting Safety” chapter. He wrote the following “He’ll get into trouble only when he gives way to panic which is a prelude to tragedy.” (Riviere, 1965, 183)
Once we pulled out the compass and set out to the West we were fine in a matter of fifteen minutes, unfortunately there are hunters and hikers that are not so fortunate. Therefore I ask the same question as the author Bill Riviere: What is the difference? Bill gives us the answer, it is experience.
Even expert woodsman or seasoned hunters get lost in the woods and it is because they have confidence in their abilities and this along with their experience eliminates the fear allowing them to think clearly. The second thing I identified is that you must trust yourself as well as your knowledge and practice your navigation skills. The author Bill Riviere actually suggest finding a small wooded area in a state park or forest and allow yourself to get lost and spend the night out, practice you bush craft skills and then head back home the following day with the help of a compass and map. Nowadays, you could use your Backtrack or GPS. This is to be done with careful consideration and not just anyone should do this and alone would not be recommended.
The sooner you accept that you are lost and start working toward a solution the better off you are. Now you either find your own way out of the woods or you can accept the fact that you are lost and setup camp if it is nearing the end of the day. Start preparing a fire, lean-to and light up a pipe for comfort as Bill mentions in his book as someone is bound to come and find you.
Riviere, Bill (1965).The Gunner’s Bible, 183
Tips:
-Always carry enough water and food or snacks in a day pack.
-Get a small pocket-size first aid kit and add water proof matches and starter sticks to the kit. Also include a knife and a small field axe if you are leaving for several days.
-Always carry a back up compass if you are using a GPS or Backtrack and carry spare batteries + topographical map or satelite photo map.
-If you are lost in the morning, you may attempt to find your way home if you are confident with your navigation skills. If it is late in the afternoon and you are starting to lose hope and panic is setting in, prepare yourself to spend the night. Setup a Lean-to, build a fire and find evergreen boughs to make a layer between you and the ground. Stay warm, dry and keep occupied. When I was sixteen, I spent three days in the woods alone during a wilderness survival course. One of the biggest challenges I found was keeping my mind from racing, so I kept busy building my lean-to making my living space more comfortable and hunting small game for food making sure not to wonder too far from my site. There are tons of great websites and books available in order to teach you the basics of bush craft.
-Learn and master alternate ways to navigate such as using the stars, sun and wind. One of my favorite is the “The Shadow-Tip” method using the sun, two sticks and pebbles and roughly in fifteen minutes you have found north, south, east and west.
-Leave a detailed map of where you will be hunting with emergency contact information and advise your family or friends to come looking for you if you do not contact them or come home within a set time and date.

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